The Simple Future or Future Simple has two forms: The will form and the going to form.
She will win, I know it, she’ll (she will → she’ll) cross the finish line before anyone else does.
I am going to finish my homework and afterwards I’m going to come by your house.
How is the Simple Future Tense formed?
Will form: will + infinitive
To build the Will Simple Future… take «will» and add the infinitive of the verb you need to it.
- I will turn 20 tomorrow.
- Will you help me later?
- We‘ll accompany you there, if you like.
- I will make pancakes tomorrow. (Here is a pancake recipe!)
Going to form: be + going to + infinitive
To build the Going to Simple Future … take the present simple of «be», add «going to» and the infinitive of the verb you need to it.
- I am going to start college next month.
- When are we going to meet?
- I’m going to beat him, I won all of my last ten fights.
When do we use the Simple Future Tense?
Both the will and the going to form refer to a specific time in the future. They can sometimes be used interchangeably, but mostly have two very different meanings.
|Will Form||Going to Form|
|Voluntary action or decision made at the moment of speaking:Anna: Where out of eggs.
John: Really? In that case, I’ll go and buy some.
|Plan or decision before the moment of speaking:Julie: There’s no milk.
John: I know. I’m going to go and get some when this TV programme finishes.
|A prediction based on opinion:I think he’ll turn out fine.||A prediction based on something we can see:She’s going to be accepted, her grades are extraordinary!|
|A future fact:The sun will rise tomorrow.|
|For promises / requests / refusals / offers:I’ll gladly help you with your homework, if you like.|
We use the will form to express:
- A voluntary action to happen in the future → A decision made at the moment of speaking to do something voluntarily, a promise, offer, request or refusal (will not). → I’ll gladly help you with your work, if you like. Will you accompany me tomorrow? No, I won’t.
- A future fact → The sun will rise tomorrow.
- A prediction based upon opinion → I think he’ll turn out fine.
We us the going to form to express:
- A plan or decision made before the moment of speaking → Someones intent to do something in the future → I’m going to bring lunch tomorrow. I’m not going to be in school for the rest of the week.
- A prediction based on something we can see → She’s going to be accepted, her grades are extraordinary!
Further Explanations of the Future Simple